anxiety disorder

An anxiety disorder is a specific kind of mental illness. If you suffer from an anxiety disorder, you could experience fear and dread in response to particular things and circumstances. Additionally, anxiety can cause bodily symptoms like perspiration and a racing heart.

The presence of some anxiousness is familiar. If you have to solve a problem at work, attend an interview, take an exam, or make a significant decision, you can experience anxiety or nervousness. And even positive things can come from fear. For instance, anxiety allows us to focus our attention and make us aware of potentially dangerous circumstances, keeping us safe.

However, an anxiety disorder goes beyond the usual anxiety and mild fear you might experience occasionally. There is an anxiety disorder when:

  • Your ability to perform daily tasks is hampered by anxiety.
  • When anything sets off your emotions, you frequently overreact.
  • Your reactions to situations are beyond your control.

It can be challenging to get through the day if you have an anxiety disorder. Thankfully, there are several efficient treatments available for anxiety disorders.

Types of Anxiety Disorder

Generalized Anxiety Disorder: You experience excessive, unreasonable tension and stress for little to no reason.

Agoraphobia: Your fear of being somewhere where it would be difficult to flee or find aid in an emergency is quite intense. For instance, you might have panic or anxiety while flying, using public transportation, or waiting in a long queue.

Separation Anxiety: Not just young children experience fear or anxiety when a loved one departs. Separation anxiety disorder can affect anyone. If you do, you’ll experience intense anxiety or terror whenever someone close to you leaves your sight. You’ll perpetually fear that your loved one may suffer from something terrible.

Panic Disorder: You experience a panic attack due to sudden, overwhelming anxiety. A panic attack may cause you to sweat, have chest pain, and cause your heart to race (palpitations). You can occasionally feel like you’re choking or going to pass out.

Social Anxiety Disorder: This condition, also known as social phobia, occurs when you have excruciating worry and self-consciousness about typical social situations. You constantly fear that people will judge you, find you embarrassing, or make fun of you.

Selective Mutism: This is a form of social anxiety in which young children who frequently communicate with their family avoid speaking in front of others, such as at school.

Medication Induced Anxiety disorder:  Some symptoms of anxiety disorders can be brought on by using specific prescription medications, illegal drugs, or the withdrawal from particular drugs.

Who is prone to anxiety conditions?

An individual’s chance of acquiring anxiety disorders may increase due to a combination of genetic and environmental variables. If you have experienced any of the following situations, then you are at risk of acquiring anxiety disorder:

  • Certain personality qualities, such as shyness or behavioural inhibition, cause people to feel uneasy with strangers and avoid such circumstances.
  • Unpleasant or stressful experiences in adolescence or maturity.
  • Anxiety or other mental health disorders run in the family.
  • Several health ailments include thyroid issues and heart arrhythmias (unusual heart rhythms).

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